Temporal Motivation Theory by PaperHelp Company

A little about procrastination

Briefly about the essence of the theory of temporal motivation

  • U (Utility) — the subjective utility of the action.
  • E (Expectancy) — the likely reward (e.g., bonus, praise, etc.)
  • V (Value) — the value of the task (whether the work is enjoyable for the performer, what benefit will come from doing the thing, and what harm will come from not doing the study).
  • D (Delay) — the time until the reward is received.
  • I (Impulsiveness) — level of impulsiveness (tendency to switch from one task to another due to the performer’s characteristics or external factors).

Examples of the theory of temporal motivation

  • He loves his job.
  • The value of the task is high.
  • The reward is desirable.
  • Impulsiveness is low.
  • The time to deadline is only one day.

On the advantages and disadvantages of the theory

How do you beat procrastination with an equation?

  • “Success Spiral”: Set yourself challenging, meaningful, and achievable goals and achieve them one by one. Achieving success at each stage of the task, you will be filled with energy and feel more confident. P. Steele recommends concentrating on the benefits of the process itself rather than on the result. For example, if Vasily, who was putting off writing a philosophy paper, had been thinking about the skills this activity would help him acquire (assiduity, concentration, attentiveness, increased literacy, etc.), he probably would have been more optimistic.
  • “Substitute Victory”: positivity is contagious, which means it’s easy to get by contacting optimists or just watching them. Visit attractive communities, watch an inspiring movie, learn about the success story of a celebrity or colleague who excels at their business.
  • “Thought comparison”: all-around people are increasingly advised to visualize their goals, but often this is not enough to start taking action. For some people, this approach works as anti-motivation. But if you do not just imagine an ideal picture of the possible future and compare it with real life, the effect will be much better. So you will designate today’s situation as an obstacle that prevents you from realizing your dreams, and it will force you to put more effort into achieving your goals.
  • Make the work challenging and relevant to your skills. This technique will be effective for those who are faced with boring tasks. Even the most tedious work can be made fascinating and give it a special meaning, if only you were willing. It’s like in one legend (or maybe it was a real story): once, a cleaner blocked the way for a delegation at the Baikonur Cosmodrome because she was cleaning the floors. When she was asked what she was doing here (in the context of “Why are you walking around with your mop when important people are in front of you!?”), the unexpected answer came: “We are launching rockets into space!” Here it is — the high value of your work.
  • Determine why you’re doing it: make sure the tasks are related to what’s important to you. For example, you are learning English to get a good job. At the moment, you are actively putting your body in order, trying to lose weight, so that a future employer will appreciate your appearance. The two cases do not seem to overlap but can lead to the same desirable point.
  • Fill up on energy: tasks are harder to accomplish if there is no energy. Watch your rhythm of life, your diet, do sports and don’t forget to rest. It’s simple, but don’t forget about it.
  • Reward yourself: the ultimate reward is motivating, but the in-between tips are essential, too. Every time you finish another phase of work, treat yourself to something nice or tasty. Simply watching another episode of your favorite TV series as a reward can be great motivation.
  • Concentrate on what you love to do: and here we remind you of Confucius’ phrase: “Choose a job to your liking, and you won’t work a day in your life.”




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Elissa Smart

Elissa Smart

Hi there! I’m a professional writer at PaperHelp writing company that helps students with their academic needs. https://www.paperhelp.org/